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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 201-206

Trend of modern contraceptive uptake and its predictors among women accessing family planning service in a tertiary hospital in Northwestern Nigeria, 2000–2014

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, Kaduna, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Matthew C Taingson
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital, Kaduna State University, Kaduna
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/TJOG.TJOG_37_17

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Background: Client preference and availability of contraceptives are important determinants of uptake in developing countries. In this study, we investigated the trend of contraceptive uptake and factors associated with client choice among women accessing family planning services in an urban tertiary hospital in Northwestern Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: Time-trend analysis was performed on registry data of contraceptives dispensed between January 2000 and December 2014 at the family planning unit of Barau Dikko Specialist Hospital, Kaduna, Northwestern Nigeria. Five-year periods (2000–2004, 2005–2009, and 2010–2014) were identified, and the prevalence of contraceptive methods for each period is expressed as moving averages. Predictors of client choice were determined by logistic regression expressed as odds ratio [OR] (95% confidence interval [CI]). Results: A total of 5992 family planning consultations were made during the 15-year study period. Compared with the intermediate 5 years, there was a rise from 1723 (2000 to 2004) to 2128 (2005–2009) and a decline in the final 5 years to 1912 (2010–2014). Cumulatively, the most preferred contraceptive was injectables (40.7%). Women aged ≥35 years showed significant positive association with contraceptive uptake (OR 2.243, 95% CI = 1.489–3.380; P < 0.05) for injectables (OR 13.609, 95% CI = 6.317–29.318 and OR = 0.019, 95% CI = 0.012–0.030; P < 0.05) for oral contraceptive pills. Women who had completed secondary school or more had greater odds of using intrauterine contraceptive device or implants, OR 2.278, 95% CI = 1.869–2.776, P < 0.05 and OR 5.012, 95% CI = 2.346–10.79, P < 0.05, respectively. Conclusion: Injectable contraceptive was the most common method used. Women's age and educational attainment were the major factors influencing choice and uptake of modern contraceptives.

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