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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 112-115

Maternal mortality ratio in a tertiary hospital offering free maternity services in South-western Nigeria – A five-year review


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mother and Child Hospital Ondo, Ondo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mother and Child Hospital, Akure, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Lawal O Oyeneyin
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mother and Child Hospital, Laje Road, Ondo City, Ondo State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/TJOG.TJOG_27_17

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Aim: To determine annual trends of maternal mortality ratio in a tertiary hospital offering free maternity services. Settings and Design: This retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Mother and Child Hospital Akure, Ondo State, a busy purpose-built tertiary care facility premised on evidence-based protocol management of patients and offering free consultations, admissions, drugs, laboratory tests, blood transfusions and surgeries. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from available hospital records from inception on 24th February 2010 to 31st December 2014 and analysed using Microsoft Excel 2010 software. Statistical Analysis: Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics. Categorical variables were expressed as frequency (percentage) and continuous variables as mean, median and range. Results: In the 5-year period, antenatal registration was 49195; increasing from 7378 in 2010 to 12002 in 2013 (63% increase) before dipping to 9780 in 2014. Number of births was 30031; increasing from 3673 in 2010 to 7634 in 2013 (108% increase) before dipping to 6234 in 2014. The overall maternal mortality ratio was 383 per 100,000 births reducing from 708 in 2010 to 208 in 2014 (70% reduction). The most common causes of maternal deaths were postpartum haemorrhage (30%), eclampsia (29%) and uterine rupture (14%). Conclusions: Over 5 years, a busy tertiary maternity centre premised on evidence-based protocol management of patients and offering free services had a sustained reduction in facility-based maternal mortality ratio. It is, therefore, recommended that the model be adopted in all public maternity centres.


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