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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-20

Maternal and neonatal outcomes in premature rupture of membranes at University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, North-Eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S Pius
Department of Paediatrics, College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/TJOG.TJOG_89_18

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Background: Premature rupture of membrane (PROM) is linked to significant adverse events in the prenatal, peripartum and neonatal period. Both, PROM and PPROM are associated with maternal and neonatal morbidities and mortalities. Severe oligohydramnios after PROM is associated with foetal abnormalities, pulmonary hypoplasia, respiratory distress syndromes, intrauterine growth restriction, intrauterine foetal death, foetal/neonatal sepsis, presence of meconium and an Apgar score lower than seven at five minutes. Objective: To determine the factors that influenced maternal and neonatal outcomes following a premature rupture of membranes. Subjects and Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted over five years between 1st January 2012 and 31st December 2016 on mother neonate pair delivered at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital Maiduguri. Results: During the period of the study there were 7200 deliveries at the labour ward of (UMTH), out of which 91 (1.3%) had PROM. Seventy three ( 80.2%) of the case files were retrieved and analysed. Thirty six women (49.3%) were delivered by emergency caesarean section (EMCS), while 37 (50.7%) were delivered vaginally (SVD). In the bivariate (crude) analysis, Apgar score < 7 at 5 minutes (P = 0.008, OR 95 % CL: 0.092 (0.011, 0.742), birth weight ≥ 2500g (P = 0.006, 8.944 (1.892, 42.284), and absence of APH (P = 0.007, 4.83 (1.440, 16.196) were factors modifying neonatal outcome. When adjusted regression with only factors with P value < 0.2 in crude analysis were done, only birth weight ≥ 2500 g (P = 0.024, 6.677 [1.286, 34.664]) and absence of APH (P = 0.038, 4.406 [1.085, 17.883]) were independent predictors of neonatal outcome. Thus, neonates with birth weight ≥ 2500 g were about 6.7 times more like to show favourable outcome than those with birth weight < 2500g while those without APH showed 4.4 times more likelihood for a favourable neonatal outcome. Antenatal corticosteroids use also was associated with favourable outcome as it had significantly improved preterm neonatal survival. Conclusion: Intervention with steroids, antibiotics in labour and delivery within 24 hours of PROM will greatly reduce maternal complications and enhances favourable neonatal outcome.

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