• Users Online: 223
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-98

Pain relief in labor: A randomized controlled trial comparing intramuscular tramadol with intramuscular paracetamol at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C O Aimakhu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University College Hospital, PMB 5116, Ibadan
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/TJOG.TJOG_17_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Labor is considered to be one of the most painful experiences in life. Several efforts have been made over the years, particularly in the developed world, to relieve pain in labor. Unfortunately, the same attention has not been given to obstetric analgesia in most of Africa. Aim: To compare the analgesic efficacy, patient satisfaction, and side effects of intramuscular tramadol and paracetamol as pain relief among women in labor at University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial that recruited 142 parturients into two groups of 71 women. One group received intramuscular 600 mg paracetamol and the other 100 mg tramadol at recruitment with rescue dose at least 3 h apart. Maternal vital signs were monitored and labor pain was assessed using the numerical rating scale. Neonatal conditions were assessed by the use of APGAR scoring system and the need for admission into the Special Care Baby Unit. The parturients overall satisfaction with the analgesia were assessed 24 h postpartum. Results: The sociodemographic characteristics of the pregnant women in the two groups were similar, with the mean ages being 30.89 ± 3.50 and 30.93 ± 3.82 years, respectively. The study showed that intramuscular paracetamol was as effective as intramuscular tramadol for providing moderate pain relief during active phase of labor. Neither drug caused significant changes in maternal vital signs, with favorable neonatal outcome and good safety profile. Conclusions: This study showed that 600 mg intramuscular paracetamol provides similar and modest pain relief in labor when compared to 100 mg intramuscular tramadol. It also has fewer maternal adverse effects and favorable neonatal outcome such as tramadol. It is concluded that intramuscular paracetamol is simple, cost-effective, readily available, and feasible option as labor analgesics, especially for resource poor settings.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed162    
    Printed4    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded41    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal